Indians have always conserved nature, and even today we have among the lowest per capita carbon emission globally. The prime minister emphasised that development and environment protection are not at loggerheads as he detailed how the two can go on hand in hand. But he attributed the climate’s ills to the lifestyle problem. Taking the government’s ‘Swachh Bharat’ campaign to the next level, the prime minister asked the urban local bodies to take up wastewater treatment and solid waste management on priority. “the This integrated approach is to treat waste water in cities and give it to the villages situated near them for irrigation, which would act as bio-fertilisers and would enable farmers to send the organic produce back to the cities for consumption.